Out of over 342 dog breeds known throughout the world, Newfoundlands are one of the most amazing and loyal breeds to be owned by.
As a Newfoundland owner, I get to see the expression on many faces when they first meet one of my boys.
They are certainly a sight to see and not everyone we meet is familiar with just how awesome the Newfoundland dog really is.
Today I will share some fun facts about the Newfoundland dog for those who are meeting the breed for the first time, for those who are looking to find out more about this gentle giant, or for those who just can’t get enough!
20 Fun Facts About Newfoundlands
Newfoundlands are an amazing breed with an even more amazing history so read on to learn more!
1. Newfoundlands Love Water
The Newfoundland is a large, strong, devoted dog from the working class.
He is a multipurpose dog that is capable of heavy work both on land and in the water.
Not only is Newfoundland known for rescuing people from the water but they are also capable of pulling in small boats.
2. The Newfie Is a Working Breed and They Are Strong
Newfoundlands are considered a giant breed with male Newfies weighing between 130 pounds to 150 pounds.
With their sounds structure and big body, they can take on tasks such as pulling nets for fishermen, carrying boat lines to shore, and hauling wood in carts from the forest.
Due to their waterproof and double coat, Newfs are the only breed that is designed to swim all year round, even during the winter.
3. The Newfoundland Has A Unique Swimming Style
The Newfoundland is a strong swimmer and has webbed feet.
Instead of doing a normal doggie paddle like most dogs, Newfoundlands do more of a breaststroke which gives him more power and drive in the water.
This stroke also allows Newfoundlands to swim underwater.
4. Newfies Save And Protect People
Not only are Newfoundlands known for protecting their family but they also protect and rescue people and children that they have never met, from the water when they are struggling or, way back in the day, saving people following a shipwreck.
5. Newfs Are Natural Lifeguards In The Water
Believe or not the Newfie has its own techniques when it comes to pulling people to shore.
If the person is responsive the dog allows the person to grab onto them and be towed to safety.
If a swimmer is not responsive, the dog instinctively grips the person by the arm so that the body rolls on its back and the head is out of the water.
6. A Newfie Saved Napoleon From Drowning
Some reports even suggest that a Newfie saved Napoleon!
A fisherman’s Newfoundland allegedly jumped in after Napoleon and kept him afloat in the choppy waters.
7. Newfoundlands Pull Carts
Not only can the Newfie excel in the water he can equally excel on land by pulling carts with heavy loads, being assistance dogs, therapy dogs and they are also used in search and rescue.
8. Newfies Are Famous
In the early 20th century, a dog that is thought to have been a Newfoundland saved 92 people who were on the SS Ethie which was wrecked off of the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland during a blizzard.
The dog retrieved a rope thrown out into the turbulent waters by those on deck and brought the rope to shore to people waiting on the beach
9. Newfoundlands Served In The Civil War
Several Newfoundland dogs served in the Civil War I and World War II along with soldiers.
Sable Chief was the famous mascot of the 2nd Battalion of the Newfoundland Regiment in World War I.
Not only did he keep in step when marching, but it is said that he would invariably stand up with the opening bars of the National Anthem and remain at attention until its conclusion.”
“A large dog called “Tony” was a beautiful Newfoundland Dog lovingly cared for by the Chicago Light Artillery Battery A.
He was called the “Battery dog”. Tony was a dog of action and gave no thought to the bullets zipping all around him.
He was on the battlefields at South Mountain and the wounded at Fort Donelson.
10. Newfoundlands Love Kids
A Newfoundland’s temperament is kind and gentle. They are devoted to their families and are often referred to as “nanny dog” due to their protective nature around children.
The dog in Peter Pan, Nana, was actually a Newfoundland.
11. Newfies Are Devoted To Their Families
A famous Newfoundland named Gander was the mascot of Quebec City’s Royal Rifles of Canada.
His official name was Regimental Mascot Sgt. Gander. Gander and the Rifles covered many miles and ultimately ended at the battle of Lye Mun on Hong Kong Island.
During his time as their mascot, Gander proved his value more than once but his last heroic act would cost him his life.
A grenade was thrown towards a group of soldiers commanded by Captain Gavey.
The soldiers were unable to move away from the grenade due to intense shooting from the Japanese.
Gander ran forward, took the grenade in his mouth and continued away from his men.
Gander was killed by the explosion but the men he served were saved by their loyal Newfoundland mascot.
This last act of heroism has been memorialized for eternity by awarding Gander the Dickin Medal for “acts of conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in wartime.”
12. A Newfoundlands Coat Is Important
The oily nature of the Newfoundland’s double coat effectively keeps him from getting wet to the skin and combined with his webbed feet, deep, broad chest, and well-sprung ribs contribute to his swimming ability.
Despite this heavy coat, he adapts to warm as well as to cool climates.
13. An Unclear History
There are many conflicting stories as to the origin of Newfies.
It is said that he is one of the older breeds of dogs in existence today.
He may not have originated in Newfoundland, though skeletons of giant dogs have been discovered in Indian gravesites in Newfoundland dating from the 5th century, AD.
One of the more appealing speculations rests on the legend that when Leif Erikson arrived in North America about 1000 AD, a large black dog, resembling a Newfoundland, called Oolum, was aboard his boat.
14. Developed In The 19th Century
The Newfoundland breed as we know it today was developed largely in 19th century England and America.
The Newfoundland is an ancestor of the present-day Labrador and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, which follow the Newfoundland in their natural swimming ability.
15. Newfies Come In Colors Other Than Black
The recognized colors of the Newfoundland are black, brown, grey, and white and black (Landseer).
16. Newfies Are An Important Part Of History
A Newfoundland named Seaman accompanied Lewis and Clark on their expedition.
September 11, 1803 “my dog was of the Newfoundland breed very active strong and docile, he would take the squirrel in the water kill them and swimming bring them in his mouth to the boat”
17. The Newfoundland Has Been Registered For 141 Years
The breed was first registered with the American Kennel Club in 1879 and the first American Newfoundland champion was titled in 1883.
18. Newfies Are Known As a Gentle Giant
The Newfoundland is a giant breed dog.
The average height for adult dogs is 28 inches, for adult bitches, 26 inches.
The approximate weight of adult dogs ranges from 130 to 150 pounds, adult bitches from 100 to 120 pounds.
19. Four Newfies Have Lived In The White House
Robert Kennedy had a Newfie named Brumus, President Ulysses Grant had a Newfoundland named Faithful, President Rutherford Hayes had a Newfoundland named Hector and President James Buchanan had a Newfoundland named Lara.
Read more about dogs that lived in the White House HERE.
20. The Newfoundland Dog Is Not a Dog For Everyone.
They drool, they shed. they require daily grooming, they can have hefty vet bills if they are sick and they will one day break your heart into a million pieces when they cross the Rainbow Bridge.
The Newfie is an amazing breed with an amazing history.
This hardworking loyal breed definitely isn’t the dog for everyone but it is perfect for some. If you are interested in learning more about Newfoundlands please visit the Newfoundland Club of America.